# Publications by the STSL

Books and Parts of Books

- S. Garimella, B. M. Fronk (2015), Encyclopedia of Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Flow I: Fundamentals and Methods, Vol. 2: Condensation Heat Transfer, World Scientific Publishing Co., series ed. John R. Thome, ISBN: 978-981-4623-20-9.
- S. G. Kandlikar, S. Garimella, D. Li, S. Colin, M. R. King (2014), Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels, 2nd Ed, Elsevier, ISBN: 978-0-08-098346-2, 592 pages.
- S. Kandlikar, S. Garimella, D. Li, S. Colin, M. King (2005), Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels, Elsevier Publications, ISBN: 0-08-044527-6, 450 pages.
- S. Garimella (2005), Binary-Fluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Microchannel Geometries for Miniaturized Thermally Activated Absorption Heat Pumps, in Microscale Heat Transfer - Fundamental and Applications, Eds. S. Kakac, L. L. Vasiliev, Y.Bayazitoglu and Y. Yener, The Netherlands, Springer, pp. 339-368.
- S. Garimella (2005), Condensation Flow Mechanisms, Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer in Microchannels, in Microscale Heat Transfer - Fundamental and Applications, Eds. S. Kakac, L. L. Vasiliev, Y.Bayazitoglu and Y. Yener. The Netherlands, Springer, pp. 273-290.

Journal Publications

- D. B. Boman, D. C. Hoysall, M. A. Staedter, A. Goyal, M. J. Ponkala, and S. Garimella (2017), "A method for comparison of absorption heat pump working pairs," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 77, pp. 149 – 175, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2017.02.023.
- M. P. Macdonald and S. Garimella (2016), "Effect of Temperature Difference on In-Tube Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 139(1), pp. 011502-1 – 011502-9, DOI: 10.1115/1.4034495.
- M. P. Macdonald and S. Garimella (2016), "Hydrocarbon Mixture Condensation Inside Horizontal Smooth Tubes," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 100, pp. 139 – 149, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.114.
- M. P. Macdonald and S. Garimella (2016), "Modeling of in-Tube Condensation of Zeotropic Mixtures," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 138(9), pp. 091502-1 – 091502-7, DOI: 10.1115/1.4033352.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella (2016), "Condensation of ammonia and high-temperature-glide ammonia/water zeotropic mixtures in minichannels – Part I: Measurements," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 101, pp. 1343 – 1356, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.05.049.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella (2016), "Condensation of ammonia and high-temperature-glide ammonia/water zeotropic mixtures in minichannels – Part II: Heat transfer models," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 101, pp. 1357 – 1373, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.05.048.
- S. Garimella, A. Agarwal, and B. M. Fronk (2016), "Condensation Heat Transfer in Rectangular Microscale Geometries," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 100, pp. 98 – 110, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.086.
- K. J. Connolly, A. J. Huning, F. Rahnema, and S. Garimella (2016), "A Coarse-Mesh Coupled Neutronics and Thermal Fluids Method for Prismatic Cores," Nuclear Science and Engineering, Vol. 184(2), pp. 228 – 243, DOI: 10.13182/NSE15-105.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella (2016), "Condensation of Carbon Dioxide in Microchannels," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 100, pp. 150 – 164, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.083.
- A. S. Rattner, D. P. Guillen, A. Joshi, and S. Garimella (2016), "Framework and algorithms for illustrative visualizations of time-varying flows on unstructured meshes," Advances in Engineering Software, Vol. 97, pp. 72 – 84, DOI: 10.1016/j.advengsoft.2016.02.004.
- S. Garimella, C. M. Keinath, J. C. Delahanty, D. C. Hoysall, M. A. Staedter, A. Goyal, and M. A. Garrabrant (2016), "Development and Demonstration of a Compact Ammonia-Water Absorption Heat Pump Prototype with Microscale Features for Space-Conditioning Applications," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 102, pp. 557 – 564, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.03.169.
- A. B. Little, S. Garimella, and J. P. DiPrete (2016), "Combined Effects of Fluid Selection and Flow Condensation on Ejector Operation in an Ejector-Based Chiller," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 69, pp. 1 – 16, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2016.04.011.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella (2016), "Shadowgraph Visualization of Condensing R134a Flow through Ejectors," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 48, pp. 118 – 129, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2016.04.018.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella (2016), "A Critical Review Linking Ejector Flow Phenomena with Component- and System-Level Performance," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 70, pp. 243 – 268, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2016.05.015.
- M. D. Determan, D. C. Hoysall, S. Garimella, R. Lenz, and D. P. Leta (2016), "Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Sorbent-Loaded Hollow Fiber Modules with Integrated Heat Recovery," Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 55(7), pp. 2119 – 2127, DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.5b02117.
- M. P. Macdonald and S. Garimella (2016), "Hydrocarbon Condensation in Horizontal Smooth Tubes: Part I – Measurements," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 93, pp. 75 – 85, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.09.018.
- M. P. Macdonald and S. Garimella (2016), "Hydrocarbon Condensation in Horizontal Smooth Tubes: Part II – Heat Transfer Coefficient and Pressure Drop Modeling," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 93, pp. 1248 – 1261, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.09.019.
- J. A. Milkie, S. Garimella, and M. P. Macdonald (2016), "Flow Regimes and Void Fractions During Condensation of Hydrocarbons in Horizontal Smooth Tubes," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 92, pp. 252 – 267, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.08.017.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2016), "Low-source-temperature diffusion absorption refrigeration. Part I: Modeling and cycle analysis," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 65, pp. 287 – 311, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2015.11.010.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2016), "Low-source-temperature diffusion absorption refrigeration. Part II: Experiments and model assessment," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 65, pp. 312 – 329, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2015.11.016.
- A. J. Huning, S. Garimella, and F. Rahnema (2016), "A Steady-State Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis Method for Prismatic High-Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors," Nuclear Technology, Vol. 193(2), pp. 234 – 246, DOI: 10.13182/NT15-14.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2016), "Fast stable computation of thermodynamic properties of ammonia-water mixtures," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 62, pp. 39 – 59, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2015.09.009.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2016), "Taylor Flow in Intermediate Diameter Channels: Simulation and Hydrodynamic Models," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 103, pp. 1108 – 1124, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.07.012.
- S. Garimella, U. C. Andresen, B. Mitra, Y. Jiang, and B. M. Fronk (2016), "Heat Transfer during near-critical-pressure condensation of refrigerant blends," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 138(5), pp. 051503-1 – 051503-16, DOI: 10.1115/1.4032294.
- B. L. Keinath and S. Garimella (2016), "Measurement and Modeling of Void Fraction in High-Pressure Condensing Flows through Microchannels," Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 37(13-14), pp. 1172 – 1180, DOI: 10.1080/01457632.2015.1112590.
- S. Garimella, A. Agarwal, and B. M. Fronk (2016), "The Intermittent and Annular Flow Condensation Continuum: Pressure Drops at the Microscale," International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 84, pp. 129 – 144, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2016.03.023.
- A. Mazzelli, A. B. Little, S. Garimella, and Y. Bartosiewicz (2015), "Computational and Experimental Analysis of Supersonic Air Ejector: Turbulence Modeling and Assessment of 3D Effects," International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 56, pp. 305 – 316, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2015.08.003.
- D. G. Pahinkar, S. Garimella, and T. R. Robbins (2015), "Feasibility of Using Adsorbent Coated Microchannels for Pressure Swing Adsorption: Parametric Studies on Depressurization," Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 54(41), pp. 10103 – 10114, DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.5b01023.
- S. Garimella, B. Mitra, U. C. Andresen, Y. Jiang, and B. M. Fronk (2015), "Heat transfer and pressure drop during supercritical cooling of HFC refrigerant blends," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 91, pp. 477 – 493, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2015.07.024.
- U. C. Andresen, S. Garimella, B. Mitra, Y. Jiang, and B. M. Fronk (2015), "Pressure drop during near-critical-pressure condensation of refrigerant blends," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 59, pp. 1 – 13, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2015.07.016.
- J. G. Bustamante, A. S. Rattner, and S. Garimella (2015), "Achieving near-water-cooled power plant performance with air-cooled condensers," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 105, pp. 362 – 371, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.05.065.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2015), "Vertical upward intermediate scale Taylor flow: Experiments and kinematic closure," International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Vol. 75, pp. 107 – 123, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2015.04.007.
- J. C. Delahanty, S. Garimella, and M. A. Garrabrant (2015), "Design of compact microscale geometries for ammonia–water desorption," Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 21(3), pp. 365 – 374, DOI: 10.1080/23744731.2015.1015906.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2015), "Coupling-fluid heated bubble pump generators: Experiments and model development," Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 21(3), pp. 332 – 347, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2015.1004978.
- C. M. Keinath, D. C. Hoysall, J. C. Delahanty, M. D. Determan, and S. Garimella (2015), "Experimental assessment of a compact branched tray generator for ammonia–water desorption," Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 21(3), pp. 348 – 356, DOI: 10.1080/23744731.2014.1000797.
- A. B. Little, Y. Bartosiewicz, and S. Garimella (2015), "Visualization and Validation of Ejector Flow Field with Computational and First-Principles Analysis," Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 137(5), pp. 051107-1 – 051107-12, DOI: 10.1115/1.4029534.
- A. Goyal, A. S. Rattner, and S. Garimella (2015), "Model-based feedback control of an ammonia-water absorption chiller," Science and Technology for the Built Environment, Vol. 21(3), pp. 357 – 364, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2014.982412.
- T. M. Bandhauer, S. Garimella, and T. F. Fuller (2015), "Electrochemical-Thermal Modeling to Evaluate Battery Thermal Management Strategies, I. Side Cooling," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162(1), pp. A125 – A136, DOI: 10.1149/2.0571501jes.
- T. M. Bandhauer, S. Garimella, and T. F. Fuller (2015), "Electrochemical-Thermal Modeling to Evaluate Battery Thermal Management Strategies, II. Edge and Internal Cooling," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 162(1), pp. A137 – A148, DOI: 10.1149/2.0581501jes.
- J. G. Bustamante and S. Garimella (2014), "Dominant Flow Mechanisms in Falling-Film and Droplet-Mode Evaporation over Horizontal Rectangular Tube Banks," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 43, pp. 80 – 89, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2014.03.010.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2014), "Simple Mechanistically Consistent Formulation for Volume-of-Fluid Based Computations of Condensing Flows," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 136(7), pp. 071501-1 – 071501-9, DOI: 10.1115/1.4026808.
- G. Nema, S. Garimella, and B. M. Fronk (2014), "Flow regime transitions during condensation in microchannels," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 40, pp. 227 – 240, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2013.11.018.
- V. Subramaniam and S. Garimella (2014), "Numerical study of heat and mass transfer in lithium bromide-water falling films and droplets," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 40, pp. 211 – 226, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2013.07.025.
- T. M. Bandhauer, S. Garimella, and T. F. Fuller (2014), "Temperature-dependent electrochemical heat generation in a commercial lithium-ion battery," Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 247, pp. 618 – 628, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2013.08.015.
- T. M. Bandhauer and S. Garimella (2013), "Passive, internal thermal management system for batteries using microscale liquid–vapor phase change," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 61(2), pp. 756 – 769, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.08.004.
- A. K. Nagavarapu and S. Garimella (2013), "Falling-Film Absorption Around Microchannel Tube Banks," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 135(12), pp. 122001-1 – 122001-10, DOI: 10.1115/1.4024261.
- V. K. Viswanathan, A. S. Rattner, M. D. Determan, and S. Garimella (2013), "Dynamic model for a small-capacity ammonia–water absorption chiller," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 19(7), pp. 865 – 881, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2013.833974.
- T. C. Ernst and S. Garimella (2013), "Demonstration of a Wearable Cooling System for Elevated Ambient Temperature Duty Personnel," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 60(1-2), pp. 316 – 324, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.06.019.
- S. G. Kandlikar, S. Colin, Y. Peles, S. Garimella, R. F. Pease, J. J. Brandner, and D. B. Tuckerman (2013), "Heat Transfer in Microchannels – 2012 Status and Research Needs," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 135(9), pp. 091001-1 – 091001-18, DOI: 10.1115/1.4024354.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella (2013), "In-Tube Condensation of Zeotropic Fluid Mixtures: A Review," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 36(2), pp. 534 – 561, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2012.11.030.
- S. Garimella and B. M. Fronk (2013), "Single- and Multi-Constituent Condensation of Fluids and Mixtures with Varying Properties in Micro-Channels," Experimental Heat Transfer, Vol. 26(2-3), pp. 129 – 168, DOI: 10.1080/08916152.2012.736841.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2012), "Simulación a nivel de componente y sistema acoplados en un sistema de refrigeración por absorción difusión para aplicaciones residenciales," Frio Calor Aire Acondicionado, Vol. 0, pp. 3 – 12.
- M. D. Determan, D. C. Hoysall, and S. Garimella (2012), "Heat- and Mass-Transfer Kinetics of Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Sorbent-Loaded Hollow Fibers," Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 51(1), pp. 495 – 502, DOI: 10.1021/ie201380r.
- J. Winkler, J. D. Killion, S. Garimella, and B. M. Fronk (2012), "Void fractions for condensing refrigerant flow in small channels: Part I literature review," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 35(2), pp. 219 – 245, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2011.09.013.
- J. Winkler, J. D. Killion, and S. Garimella (2012), "Void fractions for condensing refrigerant flow in small channels. Part II: Void fraction measurement and modeling," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 35(2), pp. 246 – 262, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2011.08.012.
- M. D. Determan and S. Garimella (2012), "Design, Fabrication, and Experimental Demonstration of a Microscale Monolithic Modular Absorption Heat Pump," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 47(0), pp. 119 – 125, DOI: j.applthermaleng.2011.10.043.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella (2012), "Waste Heat Recovery in Data Centers Using Sorption Systems," Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 4(2), pp. 021007-1 – 021007-9, DOI: 10.1115/1.4005813.
- S. Lee, L. K. Bohra, S. Garimella, and A. K. Nagavarapu (2012), "Measurement of Absorption Rates in Horizontal-Tube Falling-Film Ammonia-Water Absorbers," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 35(3), pp. 613 – 632, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2011.08.011.
- S. Garimella (2012), "Low-grade waste heat recovery for simultaneous chilled and hot water generation," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 42(0), pp. 191 – 198, DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.07.051.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella (2011), "Energy Harvesting, Reuse and Upgrade to Reduce Primary Energy Usage in the USA," Energy, Vol. 36(10), pp. 6172 – 6183, DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2011.07.047.
- J. D. Killion, S. Garimella, and M. D. Determan (2011), "Performance Predictions of a Moisture Management Device for Fuel Cell Applications," Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 3(3), pp. 031008-1 – 031008-10, DOI: 10.1115/1.4004426.
- S. Garimella, A. M. Brown, and A. K. Nagavarapu (2011), "Waste Heat Driven Absorption/Vapor Compression Cascade Refrigeration System for Megawatt Scale, High-Flux, Low Temperature Cooling," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(8), pp. 1776 – 1785, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2011.05.017.
- A. K. Nagavarapu and S. Garimella (2011), "Design of Microscale Heat and Mass Exchangers for Absorption Space Conditioning Applications," Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 3(2), pp. 021005-1 – 021005-9, DOI: 10.1115/1.4003720.
- S. Garimella, M. D. Determan, J. M. Meacham, S. Lee, and T. C. Ernst (2011), "Microchannel Component Technology for System-Wide Application in Ammonia/Water Absorption Heat Pumps," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(5), pp. 1184 – 1196, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2011.03.005.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella (2011), "A Review of Ejector Technology for Refrigeration Applications," International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration, Vol. 19(1), pp. 1 – 15, DOI: 10.1142/s2010132511000351.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella (2011), "Comparative Assessment of Alternative Cycles for Waste Heat Recovery and Upgrade," Energy, Vol. 36(7), pp. 4492 – 4504, DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2011.03.069.
- A. S. Rattner, A. K. Nagavarapu, S. Garimella, and T. F. Fuller (2011), "Modeling of a Flat Plate Membrane-Distillation System for Liquid Desiccant Regeneration in Air-Conditioning Applications," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 54(15-16), pp. 3650 – 3660, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2011.02.064.
- C. L. Goodman, B. M. Fronk, and S. Garimella (2011), "Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Heat Pump Water Heaters: Part I - Validated Component Simulation Modules," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(4), pp. 859 – 869, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2010.12.002.
- C. L. Goodman, B. M. Fronk, and S. Garimella (2011), "Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Heat Pump Water Heaters: Part II – System Simulation and Optimization," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(4), pp. 870 – 880, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2010.12.001.
- M. D. Determan and S. Garimella (2011), "Ammonia-Water Desorption Heat and Mass Transfer in Microchannel Devices," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(5), pp. 1197 – 1208, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2011.02.004.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella (2011), "Water-Coupled Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Gas Cooler for Heat Pump Water Heaters: Part I – Experiments," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(1), pp. 7 – 16, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2010.05.004.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella (2011), "Water-Coupled Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Gas Cooler for Heat Pump Water Heaters: Part II – Model Development and Validation," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 34(1), pp. 17 – 28, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2010.05.012.
- T. M. Bandhauer, S. Garimella, and T. F. Fuller (2011), "A Critical Review of Thermal Issues in Lithium-Ion Batteries," Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 158(3), pp. R1 – R25, DOI: 10.1149/1.3515880.
- B. M. Fronk, R. Neal, and S. Garimella (2010), "Evolution of the Transition to a World Driven by Renewable Energy," Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Vol. 132(2), pp. 021009-1 – 021009-7, DOI: 10.1115/1.4001574.
- A. W. Raymond and S. Garimella (2010), "Intraparticle Mass Transfer in Adsorption Heat Pumps: Limitations of the Linear Driving Force Approximation," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 133(4), pp. 042001-1 – 042001-13, DOI: 10.1115/1.4001310.
- A. Agarwal and S. Garimella (2010), "Representative Results for Condensation Measurements at Hydraulic Diameters ~ 100 Microns," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 132(4), pp. 041010-1 – 041010-12, DOI: 10.1115/1.4000879.
- A. Agarwal, T. M. Bandhauer, and S. Garimella (2010), "Measurement and Modeling of Condensation Heat Transfer in Noncircular Microchannels," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 33(6), pp. 1169 – 1179, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2009.12.033.
- S. Garimella and R. Radermacher (2009), "Editorial: What to do with Billions from an Economic Stimulus Package?," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 15(3), pp. 435 – 436, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2009.10390844.
- T. C. Ernst and S. Garimella (2009), "Wearable Engine-Driven Vapor-Compression Cooling System for Elevated Ambients," Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, Vol. 1(2), pp. 025001-1 – 025001-10, DOI: 10.1115/1.3159478.
- V. Subramaniam and S. Garimella (2009), "From Measurements of Hydrodynamics to Computation of Species Transport in Falling Films," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 32(4), pp. 607 – 626, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2009.02.008 .
- V. Subramaniam and S. Garimella (2009), "Computational Analysis of Binary-Fluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Falling Films and Droplets," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 131(8), p. 080903, DOI: 10.1115/1.3143018.
- A. Agarwal and S. Garimella (2009), "Modeling of Pressure Drop During Condensation in Circular and Noncircular Microchannels," Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 131(1), pp. 011302-1 – 011302-8, DOI: 10.1115/1.3026582.
- S. Garimella (2008), "Sustainable Energy: Of Course; but How?," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 14(3), pp. 323 – 325, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2008.10391011.
- Y. Jiang, B. Mitra, S. Garimella, and U. C. Andresen (2007), "Measurement of Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients at Near-Critical Pressures in Refrigerant Blends," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 129(8), pp. 958 – 965, DOI: 10.1115/1.2401618.
- T. M. Bandhauer, A. Agarwal, and S. Garimella (2006), "Measurement and Modeling of Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients in Circular Microchannels," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 128(10), pp. 1050 – 1059, DOI: 10.1115/1.2345427.
- S. Garimella (2006), "Editorial: Thermally activated sorption solutions for sustainable energy challenges," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 12(3), pp. 711 – 712, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2006.10391202.
- V. Subramaniam and S. Garimella (2005), "Design of Air-Cooled R-410A Microchannel Condensers," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 111(1), pp. 471 – 486.
- S. Garimella, A. Agarwal, and J. D. Killion (2005), "Condensation Pressure Drop in Circular Microchannels," Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 26(3), pp. 1 – 8, DOI: 10.1080/01457630590907176.
- S. Jeong and S. Garimella (2005), "Optimal Design of Compact Horizontal Tube LiBr/Water Absorbers," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 11(1), pp. 27 – 44, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2005.10391124.
- S. Garimella (2004), "Vapor-Liquid Interfaces and their Implications on Phase-Change Inside and Outside Microchannels," Journal of Energy, Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 26(0), pp. 25 – 79.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2004), "Simulation of Pendant Droplets and Falling Films in Horizontal Tube Absorbers," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 126(6), pp. 1003 – 1013, DOI: 10.1115/1.1833364.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2004), "Pendant droplet motion for absorption on horizontal tube banks," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 47(19-20), pp. 4403 – 4414, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2004.04.032.
- S. Garimella (2004), "Condensation Flow Mechanisms in Microchannels: Basis for Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer Models," Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 25(3), pp. 104 – 116, DOI: 10.1080/01457630490280489.
- J. M. Meacham and S. Garimella (2004), "Ammonia-Water Absorption Heat and Mass Transfer in Microchannel Absorbers with Visual Confirmation," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 110(1), pp. 525 – 532.
- S. Garimella, J. D. Killion, and J. W. Coleman (2003), "An Experimentally Validated Model for Two-Phase Pressure Drop in the Intermittent Flow Regime for Noncircular Microchannels," Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 125(5), pp. 887 – 894, DOI: 10.1115/1.1601258.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2003), "Behavior of Aqueous Lithium-Bromide Drops in Horizontal Tube Banks," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 125(4), p. 543, DOI: 10.1115/1.1617072.
- S. Garimella (2003), "Innovations in Energy Efficient and Environmentally Friendly Space-Conditioning Systems," Energy, Vol. 28(15), pp. 1593 – 1614, DOI: 10.1016/s0360-5442(03)00120-8.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2003), "Gravity-Driven Flow of Liquid Films and Droplets in Horizontal Tube Banks," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 26(5), pp. 516 – 526, DOI: 10.1016/s0140-7007(03)00009-4.
- J. M. Meacham and S. Garimella (2003), "Modeling of Local Measured Heat and Mass Transfer Variations in a Microchannel Ammonia-Water Absorber," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 109(1), pp. 412 – 422.
- Y. Jiang and S. Garimella (2003), "Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for Condensation of Refrigerant R404A at Near-Critical Pressures," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 109(1), pp. 677 – 688.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2003), "A Review of Experimental Investigations of Absorption of Water Vapor in Liquid Films Falling Over Horizontal Tubes," HVAC&R Research, Vol. 9(2), pp. 111 – 136, DOI: 10.1080/10789669.2003.10391060.
- J. W. Coleman and S. Garimella (2003), "Two-Phase Flow Regimes in Round, Square and Rectangular Tubes During Condensation of Refrigerant R134a," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 26(1), pp. 118 – 129, DOI: 10.1016/s0140-7007(02)00013-0.
- S. Jeong and S. Garimella (2002), "Falling-Film and Droplet Mode Heat and Mass Transfer in a Horizontal Tube LiBr/Water Absorber," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 45(7), pp. 1445 – 1458, DOI: 10.1016/s0017-9310(01)00262-9.
- S. Garimella (2002), "Microchannel Gas Coolers for Carbon Dioxide Air-Conditioning Systems," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 108(1), pp. 492 – 499.
- S. Garimella, J. D. Killion, and J. W. Coleman (2002), "An Experimentally Validated Model For Two-Phase Pressure Drop In The Intermittent Flow Regime For Circular Microchannels," Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 124(1), p. 205, DOI: 10.1115/1.1428327.
- S. Garimella, W. J. Dowling, M. Van der Veen, and J. D. Killion (2001), "The Effect of Simultaneously Developing Flow on Heat Transfer in Rectangular Tubes," Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 22(6), pp. 12 – 25, DOI: 10.1080/014576301317048406.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2001), "A Critical Review of Models of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer in Falling-Film Absorption," International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 24(8), pp. 755 – 797, DOI: 10.1016/s0140-7007(00)00086-4.
- S. Garimella (2000), "Microchannel Components for Absorption Space-conditioning Systems," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 106(1), pp. 453 – 462.
- S. Garimella and V. S. Garimella (1999), "Commercial Boiler Waste Heat Utilization for Air-conditioning in Developing Countries," Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Vol. 121(3), p. 203, DOI: 10.1115/1.2795983.
- J. W. Coleman and S. Garimella (1999), "Characterization of Two-phase Flow Patterns in Small Diameter Round and Rectangular Tubes," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 42(15), pp. 2869 – 2881, DOI: 10.1016/s0017-9310(98)00362-7.
- S. Garimella (1999), "Teaching the Design of Thermal Systems Using Equation Solvers," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 105(1), pp. 902 – 911.
- S. Garimella and J. W. Coleman (1998), "Design of Crossflow Condensers for Ammonia-Water Absorption Heat Pumps," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 104(1), pp. 1553 – 1564.
- S. Garimella (1997), "Absorption Heat Pump Performance Improvement Through Ground Coupling," Journal of Energy Resources Technology, Vol. 119(4), p. 242, DOI: 10.1115/1.2794997.
- S. Garimella, J. W. Coleman, and A. Wicht (1997), "Tube and Fin Geometry Alternatives for the Design of Absorption-Heat-Pump Heat Exchangers," Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer, Vol. 4(3), pp. 217 – 235, DOI: 10.1615/jenhheattransf.v4.i3.50.
- S. Garimella, D. Lacy, and R. E. Stout (1997), "Space-conditioning Using Triple-effect Absorption Heat Pumps," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 17(12), pp. 1183 – 1197, DOI: 10.1016/s1359-4311(97)00009-4.
- S. Garimella and R. N. Christensen (1997), "Performance Evaluation of Spirally Fluted Annuli: Geometry and Flow Regime Effects," Heat Transfer Engineering, Vol. 18(1), pp. 34 – 46, DOI: 10.1080/01457639708939888.
- S. Garimella, R. N. Christensen, and D. Lacy (1996), "Performance Evaluation of a Generator Absorber Heat Exchange Heat Pump," Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 16(7), pp. 591 – 604, DOI: 10.1016/1359-4311(95)00041-0.
- S. Garimella and R. N. Christensen (1995), "Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics of Spirally Fluted Annuli, Part I: Hydrodynamics," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 117(1), pp. 54 – 60, DOI: 10.1115/1.2822323.
- S. Garimella and R. N. Christensen (1995), "Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Characteristics of Spirally Fluted Annuli, Part II: Heat Transfer," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 117(1), pp. 61 – 68, DOI: 10.1115/1.2822324.
- R. N. Christensen, C. Zhang, and S. Garimella (1993), "Parametric Analyses and Optimization of the Performance of an Ammonia/Water Evaporator-Dryer System," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 99(1), pp. 1503 – 1510.
- S. Garimella and R. N. Christensen (1993), "Experimental Investigation of Fluid Flow Mechanisms in Annuli with Spirally Enhanced Inner Tubes," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 99(1), pp. 1205 – 1216.
- S. Garimella, R. N. Christensen, M. A. Garrabrant, and M. E. Boos (1990), "An Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Spirally-Fluted Tubes in Confined Crossflow," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 96(2), pp. 450 – 455.
- S. Garimella, V. Chandrachood, R. N. Christensen, and D. E. Richards (1988), "Investigation of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Augmentation for Turbulent Flow in Spirally Enhanced Tubes," ASHRAE Transactions, Vol. 94(2), pp. 1119 – 1131.
- S. Garimella, D. E. Richards, and R. N. Christensen (1988), "Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer in Coiled Annular Ducts," Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 110(2), pp. 329 – 336, DOI: 10.1115/1.3250488.

Conference Publications

- D. L. Murphy, M. P. Macdonald, A. J. Mahvi, and S. Garimella, "Condensation Of Propane in Vertical Minichannels," 9th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, 12-15 June, 2017, Iguazu Falls, Brazil.
- M. A. Staedter, S. Garimella, and K. Keniar, "Hydrodynamic Considerations for Optimal Thermal Compressor Design," 16th Int Refg & AC Conf. at Purdue, West Lafayette, IN, July 11-14, 2016.
- S. Chakraborty, V. C. Aiello, and S. Garimella, "Investigation of Air-Cooled Condensers for Ammonia-Water Absorption Chillers," 16th Int Refg & AC Conf. at Purdue, West Lafayette, IN, July 11-14, 2016.
- A. Goyal, M. A. Staedter, D. C. Hoysall, M. J. Ponkala, and S. Garimella, "Experimental evaluation of a small-capacity, direct-fired ammonia-water absorption chiller," 16th Int Refg & AC Conf. at Purdue, West Lafayette, IN, July 11-14, 2016.
- G. Biferi, F. Mazzelli, A. B. Little, S. Garimella, and Y. Bartosiewicz, "CFD Modeling of High-Speed Condensation in Supersonic Nozzles, Part II: R134a," 4th Int. Conf. Computational Methods for Thermal Problems, THERMACOMP2016, July 6-8, 2016, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, USA.
- K. Keniar, A. S. Rattner, and S. Garimella, "Analysis of a New Absorption Thermal Storage Cycle," Heat Powered Cycles Conf. 2016, Nottingham University, UK, 26-29 June 2016.
- D. B. Boman and S. Garimella, "Thermodynamic Model of a Forward Osmosis Water Purification and Absorption Chiller System," Heat Powered Cycles Conf. 2016, Nottingham University, UK, 26-29 June 2016.
- M. A. Staedter and S. Garimella, "Modeling of the Thermal Compressor of a Single-Effect Ammonia-Water Absorption System," Heat Powered Cycles Conf. 2016, Nottingham University, UK, 26-29 June 2016.
- A. B. Little, B. El Fil, G. Kini, and F. Mazzelli, "A Monolithic, Modular, Passively Driven Ejector-Based Heat Pump," Heat Powered Cycles Conf. 2016, Nottingham University, UK, 26-29 June 2016.
- D. C. Hoysall, K. Keniar, and S. Garimella, "Visualization of two-phase flow in serpentine heat exchanger passages with microscale pin fins," ASME 2016 5th Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference (MNHMT2016), Jan 3-6, 2016, Singapore (
**3rd Best Paper in Conference Award; invited paper.**) - A. B. Little and S. Garimella, "Ejector Refrigeration Systems for Waste Heat Recovery Applications: Effects of Condensation on Performance," 24th IIR Int. Cong. Refrig. (ICR2015), Aug 16 - 22, 2015, Yokohama, Japan.
- A. S. Rattner, J. G. Bustamante, and S. Garimella, "Air-Cooled Power Plant Condensers at Water-Cooled Performance Levels â€“ Is It Possible?" 1st Thermal and Fluid Eng Summer Conf, TFESC-13069, Aug 9-12, 2015, New York City.
- D. C. Hoysall, K. Keniar, and S. Garimella, "Visualization of Two-Phase Flow Through Microchannel Heat Exchangers," ASME Int Conf. Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, ICNMM 2015, InterPACKICNMM2015-48821, July 6-9, 2015, San Francisco, CA.
- M. P. Macdonald and S. Garimella, "Measurement of Pure Hydrocarbon Condensation in Horizontal Smooth Tubes," 9th Int. Conf. Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer, April 26-30, 2015, Boulder, CO.
- A. B. Little, S. Garimella, and Y. Bartosiewicz, "First-Principles Analysis of Ejector Flow Field and Condensation Effects with Experimental Implementation," ASME IMECE2014-38552, Nov. 14-20, 2014, Montreal, Canada.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Improved Non-Equilibrium Film Method for the Design of High-Temperature-Glide, Mini- and Microchannel Zeotropic Condensers," ASME IMECE2014-38543, Nov. 14-20, 2014, Montreal, Canada.
- B. L. Keinath and S. Garimella, "Measurement and Modeling of Void Fraction in High Pressure Condensing Flows through Microchannels," 4th Micro and Nano Flows Conference, MNF2014, University College London, 7-10 September 2014.
- S. Garimella, B. M. Fronk, J. A. Milkie, B. L. Keinath, "Versatile Models for Condensation of Fluids With Widely Varying Properties From the Micro to Macroscale," Proc 15th Int Heat Transf Conf., IHTC-15, IHTC15-10516, August 10-15, 2014, Kyoto, Japan.
- A. J. Huning, K. J. Connolly, S. Garimella, and F. Rahnema, "Finding a Near-Critical VHTR Configuration with a Coupled Neutronics/Thermal Hydraulics Method," 2014 ANS Annual Meeting, Reno, NV, June 15-19, 2014.
- J. C. Delahanty, S. Garimella, M. A. Garrabrant, "Design of Compact Microscale Geometries for Ammonia-Water Desorption," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, Washington DC, March 31-April 3, 2014.
- C. M. Keinath, D. C. Hoysall, J. C, Delahanty, M. D. Determan, S. Garimella, "Experimental Assessment of a Compact Branched Tray Generator for Ammonia-Water Desorption," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, Washington DC, March 31-April 3, 2014.
- T. R. Robbins and S. Garimella, "An autonomous solar driven adsorption cooling system," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, Washington DC, March 31-April 3, 2014.
- T. R. Robbins and S. Garimella, "A centrally heated, externally cooled air-coupled adsorption system for waste heat recovery," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, Washington DC, March 31-April 3, 2014.
- A. Goyal, A. S. Rattner, and S. Garimella, "Model-based feedback control of an ammonia-water absorption chiller," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, Washington DC, March 31-April 3, 2014.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella, "Coupling-fluid heated bubble pump generators for low-temperature fully thermally activated single pressure absorption systems," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, Washington DC, March 31-April 3, 2014, (
**Best Paper in Conference Award**). - B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Analysis of Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer During Condensation of High Temperature Glide Zeotropic Mixtures in Small Channels," ASME IMECE2013-63273, Nov 15-21, 2013, San Diego, CA.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella, "Simple Mechanistically Consistent Formulation for Volume-of-Fluid Based Computations of Condensing Flows," ASME IMECE2013-63301, Nov 15-21, 2013, San Diego, CA.
- K. J. Connolly, A. J. Huning, F. Rahnema, and S Garimella "Coupled Neutron Transport and Thermal Fluids Calculations for the VHTR," Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications and Monte Carlo 2013 (SNA + MC 2013) La CitÃ© des Sciences et de lâ€™Industrie, Paris, France, October 27-31, 2013.
- M. A. Garrabrant, R. Stout, P. Glanville, C. M. Keinath, S. Garimella, "Development of Ammonia-Water Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater for Residential and Commercial Applications," 7th Int Conf Energy Sustainability, ICES2013 ES-Fuel Cell 2013-18121, July 14-19, 2013, Minneapolis, MN.
- D. P. Guillen, A. S. Rattner, A. Joshi, and S. Garimella, "A Creative Framework for Illustrative Visualization of Time-Varying Flows," American Nuclear Society Summer Meeting, June 16-20, 2013, Atlanta, GA.
- A. J. Huning and S. Garimella "Thermal Hydraulic Method for Whole Core Design of an HTGR," International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science & Engineering (M&C 2013), Sun Valley, Idaho, USA, May 5-9, 2013, American Nuclear Society, LaGrange Park, IL (2013).
- A. B. Little, Y. Bartosiewicz, and S. Garimella, "Optical Validation of Ejector Flow Characteristics Predicted by Computational Analysis," ASME IMECE, Nov. 9-15, 2012, IMECE2012-86767, Houston, TX.
- S. Garimella, "Advances in Microscale Heat and Mass Transfer to Enable a New Generation of Thermally Activated Sorption Heat Pumps," ASHRAE/NIST Refrigerants Conference: Moving Towards Sustainability, Gaithersburg, MD, October 29-30, 2012, Invited Paper.
- Bustamante, J. G.; Garimella, S., "Dominant Flow Mechanisms in Falling-Film and Droplet Mode Evaporation over Horizontal Rectangular Tube Banks," 14th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 16-19, 2012, Paper ID: 491.
- Keinath, C. M.; Delahanty, J. C.; Garimella, S.; Garrabrant, M. A., "Diesel Engine Waste-Heat Driven Ammonia-Water Absorption System for Space-Conditioning Applications," 14th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 16-19, 2012, Paper ID: 493.
- Viswanathan, V. K.; Rattner, A. S.; Determan, M. D.; Garimella, S., "Dynamic Model for Small-Scale Ammonia-Water Absorption," 14th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 16-19, 2012, Paper ID: 494.
- A. Rattner and S. Garimella, "Design and Analysis of the Absorber Component in Waste-Heat-Driven Diffusion Absorption Refrigeration Systems," ASME 2012 Summer Heat Transfer Conference, July 8-12, 2012, Puerto Rico, USA.
- S. Garimella, "Single- and Multi-Constituent Condensation of Fluids and Mixtures with Widely Varying Properties in Microchannels," 8th ECI International Boiling and Condensation Conference, Lausanne, Switzerland, June 3-7, 2012, Keynote paper.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer in Convective Flow of Condensing Mixtures Through Microchannels," 8th KSME-JSME Thermal and Fluids Engineering Conference, Incheon, Korea, March 18 - 21, 2012.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop During Condensation of Ammonia in Microchannels," Proc. ASME 3rd Micro/Nanoscale Heat & Mass Transfer International Conference, MNHMT2012, March 3-6, 2012, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, MNHMT2012-75265.
- Huning, A., and S. Garimella. "Full Core VHTR Steady State Thermal Hydraulic Simulation." Transactions of the American Nuclear Society 105 (2011): 1038-1039.
- B. L. Keinath and S. Garimella, "Void fraction and pressure drop during condensation of refrigerants in minichannels," 6th International Berlin Workshop, November 24-25, 2011, Berlin, Germany.
- A. K. Nagavarapu and S. Garimella, "Falling-Film Absorption around Microchannel Tube Banks," IMECE 2011, November11-17, 2011, Denver, Colorado, USA, IMECE2011-63094.
- V. Subramaniam and S. Garimella, "Numerical Study of Heat and Mass Transfer in LiBr Falling Films and Droplets," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, April 6-8, 2011, Padua, Italy.
- T. R. Robbins and S. Garimella, "Alternative Cycle Time Control Methods for Variable-Temperature-Source Adsorption Heat Pumps," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, April 6-8, 2011, Padua, Italy.
- A. W. Raymond and S. Garimella, "Annular-Finned Sorption Bed Heat Exchanger Design for Adsorption Heat Pump Optimization," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, April 6-8, 2011, Padua, Italy.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella, "Coupled Component- and System-Level Simulation of a Diffusion Absorption Refrigeration System for Residential Applications," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, April 6-8, 2011, Padua, Italy.
- S. Garimella, A. M. Brown, and A. K. Nagavarapu, "Waste Heat Driven Absorption/Vapor Compression Cascade Refrigeration System for Megawatt Scale, High-Flux, Low Temperature Cooling," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, April 6-8, 2011, Padua, Italy.
- M. D. Determan and S. Garimella, "A Modular Thermal Hub for Building Integrated Energy Systems," International Sorption Heat Pump Conference, April 6-8, 2011, Padua, Italy.
- A. S. Rattner and S. Garimella, "Temperature-Weighted Assessment of Waste Heat Availability with Matched End-Use Applications for Optimal Primary Energy Usage in the USA," Proc. Int. Mech. Eng. Cong. Exposition, IMECE2010-39332, November 12-18, 2010, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
- A. K. Nagavarapu and S. Garimella, "Design of Microscale Heat and Mass Exchangers for Absorption Space Conditioning Applications," Proc. Int. Mech. Eng. Cong. Exposition, IMECE2010-39405, November 12-18, 2010, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella, "A New Energy Frugal Paradigm for Datacenters," Proc. Int. Mech. Eng. Cong. Exposition, IMECE2010-39442, November 12-18, 2010, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Measurement of Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop During Condensation of Carbon Dioxide in Microscale Geometries," Proc. Int. Heat Transf. Conf., IHTC14-22987, Washington, DC, Aug 8-13, 2010.
- B. L. Keinath and S. Garimella, "Bubble and Film Dynamics During Condensation of Refrigerants in Minichannels," Proc. Int. Heat Transf. Conf., IHTC14-22697, Washington, DC, Aug 8-13, 2010.
- C. L. Goodman, B. M. Fronk, and S. Garimella, "Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Heat Pump Water Heaters: Part I - Validated Component Simulation Modules," International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 12-15, 2010, paper # 2518.
- C. L. Goodman, B. M. Fronk, and S. Garimella, "Transcritical Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Heat Pump Water Heaters: Part II â€“ System Simulation and Optimization," International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 12-15, 2010, paper # 2519.
- M. D. Determan and S. Garimella, "A Microscale Monolithic Absorption Heat Pump," International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 12-15, 2010, paper # 2516.
- T. R. Robbins and S. Garimella, "Low-Grade Waste Heat Recovery for Power Generation using an Absorption-Rankine Cycle," International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, July 12-15, 2010, paper # 2517.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Analysis of Heat Transfer in Water-Carbon Dioxide Microchannel Gas Coolers for Heat Pump Water Heaters," Proc 20th National/ 9th International ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, Jan 4-6, 2010, Mumbai, India, 10HMTC384.
- A. B. Little and S. Garimella, "Comparative Assessment of Alternative Cycles for Waste Heat Recovery and Upgrade," Proc. ESC 2009: ASME 3rd International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, July 19-23, 2009, San Francisco, CA, ESC2009- 90023.
- A. Raymond and S. Garimella, "Use of the Linear Driving Force Approximation in Adsorption Heat Pump and Chiller Modeling," Proc. ASME 2009 Heat Transfer Summer Conf, July 19-23, 2009, San Francisco, CA, HT2009-88426.
- B. M. Fronk and S. Garimella, "Modeling and Testing of Water-Coupled Microchannel Gas Coolers for Natural Refrigerant Heat Pumps," 3rd IIR Conference on Thermophysical Properties and Transfer Processes of Refrigerants, Boulder, CO, 2009, paper 201.
- Garimella, S. (2008), "Heat and Mass Transfer in Falling-Film Absorption of Water in Lithium Bromide," ISHPC2008, Sep. 23-26 2008, Seoul, Korea (Keynote Paper).
- Bohra, L. K., Lee, S., and Garimella, S. (2008), "Heat and Mass Transfer Models for Horizontal-Tube Falling-Film Ammonia-Water Absorption," ISHPC2008, Sep. 23-26 2008, Seoul, Korea.
- Fronk, B. M., and Garimella, S. (2008), "Evolution of the Transition to a World Driven by Renewable Energy," ASME Second International Conference on Energy Sustainability, ES2008-54361, Aug 10-14, 2008, Jacksonville, FL.
- Lee, S., Bohra, L. K., and Garimella, S. (2008), "In-situ Measurement of Absorption Rates in Horizontal-Tube Falling-Film Ammonia-Water Absorbers: Part I â€“ Measurement Technique," 12th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference, July 14-17, 2008, W. Lafayette, IN.
- Lee, S., Bohra, L. K., and Garimella, S. (2008), "In-situ Measurement of Absorption Rates in Horizontal-Tube Falling-Film Ammonia-Water Absorbers: Part II â€“ Heat and Mass Transfer Coefficients," 12th International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference, July 14-17, 2008, W. Lafayette, IN.
- Ernst, T. C. and Garimella, S., "Demonstration of a Wearable Cooling System for Elevated Ambient Temperature Duty Personnel," Proc. 19th National & 8th ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, January 3 - 5, 2008, Hyderabad, India, SPH-6.
- Fronk, B. M., Burton, L. and Garimella, S. (2007), "Sustainability Impacts of a Program of Decommissioning Older Automobiles for Replacement with Newer, More Efficient Vehicles," Proc. ASME IMECE, Nov. 11-15, 2007, Seattle, WA, IMECE2007-41445.
- Ernst, T. C. and Garimella, S. (2007), "Wearable Engine-Driven Vapor-Compression Cooling System for Elevated Ambients," Proc. ASME IMECE, Nov. 11-15, 2007, Seattle, WA, IMECE2007-43734 (Best Paper).
- Agarwal, A. and Garimella, S. (2007), "Representative Results for Condensation Measurements at Hydraulic Diameters ~ 100 Microns," Proc. ASME IMECE, Nov. 11-15, 2007, Seattle, WA, IMECE2007-43749, (Invited Paper).
- Garimella, S. (2007), "Visualization and Simulation of Wavy Films and Droplets on Horizontal Tube Banks for Lithium-Bromide/Water Absorption," 4th International Berlin Workshop - IBW 4 on Transport Phenomena with Moving Boundaries, Berlin, Germany, VDI Verlag GmbH, p. 324 (Keynote Paper).
- Agarwal, A., Bandhauer, T. M. and Garimella, S. (2007), "Heat Transfer Model for Condensation in Non-Circular Microchannels," Proc. ASME ICNMM2007, 5th Int. Conf. Nanochannels, Microchannels and Minichannels, Puebla, Mexico, ICNMM2007-30223.
- A. Agarwal and S. Garimella (2006), "Modeling of Pressure Drop During Condensation in Circular and Non-Circular Microchannels," Proc. ASME IMECE, Chicago, IL, IMECE2006-14672 (Invited Paper).
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2006), "Performance Predictions of a Moisture Management Device for Fuel Cell Applications," Proc. ASME IMECE, Chicago, IL, IMECE2006-14652.
- Y. Jiang, B. Mitra, and S. Garimella (2006), "Condensation Heat Transfer at Near-Critical Pressures in Refrigerant Blends," 18th National and 7th ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, Guwahati, India, Jan. 4-6, HMT2006-C094.
- S. Garimella, A. Agarwal, T. M. Bandhauer (2005), "Channel Size Based Measurement Techniques for Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients in Mini- and Micro-Channels," Symposium on Gas-Liquid and Phase-Change Flows at Macro- and Micro-Scales, 2005 ASME IMECE, Orlando, FL, Nov. 5 â€“ 11, 2005, IMECE2005-80242 (Invited Paper).
- B. Mitra, Y. Jiang, and S. Garimella (2005), "Supercritical Gas Cooling in Refrigerant Blends," IIR International Conference on Thermophysical Properties and Transfer Processes of Refrigerants, Vicenza, Italy, Aug. 31-Sep. 2, 055-TP-115.
- T. M. Bandhauer, A. Agarwal, and S. Garimella (2005), "Measurement and Modeling of Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients in Circular Microchannels," Proc. 3rd International Conference on Microchannels and Minichannels, Toronto, Canada, Jun. 13-15, ICMM2005-75248.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2005), "Measurement of Local Absorption Rates in Films and Drops in Lithium-Bromide/Water Absorbers," Proc. Int. Sorption Heat Pump Conf., Denver, CO, Jun. 22-24.
- M. D. Determan and S. Garimella (2005), "Ammonia-Water Desorption Heat and Mass Transfer in Microchannel Devices," Proc. Int. Sorption Heat Pump Conf., Denver, CO, Jun. 22-24.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella, S. (2004), "Simulation of Pendant Droplets and Falling Films in Horizontal Tube Absorbers," Proc. 2004 ASME IMECE, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 13-20, IMECE2004-60302.
- K. Ghosh and S. Garimella (2004), "Dynamic Modeling of Thermal Processes in Rotational Molding," Proc. 2004 ASME Heat Transfer/Fluids Engineering Summer Conf. Charlotte, NC, Jul 11-15, HT-FED2004-56801.
- S. Garimella, A. Agarwal, and J. D. Killion (2004), "Condensation pressure drops in circular microchannels," Proc. ASME 2nd Int. Conf. Microchannels and Minichannels, Rochester, NY, Jun 16-19, pp. 649-656.
- M. D. Determan, S. Garimella and S. Lee (2004), "Experimental Demonstration of a Microchannel Desorber for Ammonia-Water Heat Pumps," XVII National and VI ISHMT/ASME Heat Mass Transf. Conf., IGCAR, Kalpakkam, India, Jan. 5-7, HMT-2004-C77, pp. 453-458.
- B. Mitra and S. Garimella (2003), "Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for Condensation of Refrigerant R410A at Near-Critical Pressures," Proc. 2003 ASME IMECE, Washington, DC, Nov. 15-21, IMECE2003-41807.
- S. Garimella (2003), "Effects of Axial Conduction on the Performance of Cross-Counterflow Supercritical Gas Coolers for Natural Refrigerants," 21st IIR Int. Cong. Refrig., Washington, DC, Aug 17-22, ICR0361.
- S. Garimella, J. W. Coleman and A. Agarwal (2003), "Two-Phase Pressure Drops in the Annular Flow Regime for Circular Microchannels," 21st IIR Int. Cong. Refrig., Washington, DC, Aug 17-22, ICR0360.
- B. Mitra and S. Garimella (2003), "Supercritical Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop in Refrigerant R410A," Proc. ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, Las Vegas, NV, Jul 21-23, HT 2003-47273.
- S. Garimella (2003), "Condensation Flow Mechanisms in Microchannels: Basis for Pressure Drop and Heat Transfer Models," Keynote Paper, Proc. ASME 1st Int. Conf. Microchannels and Minichannels, Rochester, NY, Apr 24-25, ICMM2003-1021.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2002), "Liquid Films Falling Over Horizontal Tube Banks: Deviations From Idealized Flow Patterns and Implications for Heat and Mass Transfer," Proc. 2002 ASME IMECE, New Orleans, LA, Nov 17-22.
- J. M. Meacham and S. Garimella (2002), "Experimental Demonstration of a Prototype Microchannel Absorber for Space-Conditioning Systems," Proc. Int. Sorption Heat Pump Conf., Shanghai, China, Sep 24-27, pp. 270-276.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2002), "Visual Documentation of Departures from Idealized Falling Films Over Horizontal Tube Banks," Proc. Int. Sorption Heat Pump Conf., Shanghai, China, Sep 24-27, pp. 326-334.
- S. Garimella, J. D. Killion, and J. W. Coleman (2002), "Two-Phase Pressure Drop in the Intermittent Flow Regime for Noncircular Microchannels," Proc. 2002 ASME IMECE, New Orleans, LA, Nov 17-22.
- Y. Jiang and S. Garimella (2001), "Compact Air-Coupled and Hydronically Coupled Microchannel Heat Pumps," Proc. 2001 ASME IMECE, New York, NY, IMECE 2001/AES-23628, pp. 1-13.
- S. Garimella (2001), "Novel Energy Efficient and Environmentally Friendly Space-Conditioning Systems: Challenges and Opportunities," Proc. 2001 ASME IMECE, New York, NY, IMECE 2001/T&S-23412, pp. 1-12.
- S. Garimella and T. M. Bandhauer (2001), "Measurement of Condensation Heat Transfer Coefficients in Microchannel Tubes," Proc. 2001 ASME IMECE, New York, NY, IMECE 2001/ HTD-24221, pp. 1-7.
- S. Garimella, J. D. Killion, J. W. Coleman (2001), "An Experimentally Validated Model For Two-Phase Pressure Drop In The Intermittent Flow Regime For Circular Microchannels," Proc. 2001 National Heat Transf. Conf., Anaheim, CA, Jun 10-12, NHTC2001-20103.
- S. Garimella, W. J. Dowling, M. Van derVeen and J. D. Killion (2000), "Heat Transfer Coefficients for Simultaneously Developing Flow in Rectangular Tubes," Proc. ASME Heat Transfer Division - 2000, HTD-Vol. 366 (2), pp. 3-11.
- S. Garimella (2000), "Integrated Undergraduate, Graduate, and Professional Student (Distance Learning) Education in Thermal Systems Design," Proc. ASME Heat Transfer Division - 2000, HTD-Vol. 366 (1), pp. 329-335.
- J. W. Coleman and S. Garimella (2000), "Two-Phase Flow Regime Transitions in Microchannel Tubes: The Effect of Hydraulic Diameter," Proc. ASME Heat Transfer Division - 2000, HTD-Vol. 366 (4), pp. 71-83.
- J. W. Coleman and S. Garimella (2000), "Visualization of Two-phase Refrigerant Flow During Phase Change," Proc. 34th National Heat Transf. Conf., Pittsburgh, PA, Aug 20-22, NHTC2000-12115.
- J. D. Killion and S. Garimella (2000), "A Critical Review of Falling-film Absorption Heat and Mass Transfer Models," Proc. 34th National Heat Transf. Conf., Pittsburgh, PA, Aug 20-22, NHTC2000-12212.
- S. Garimella (1999), "Miniaturized Heat and Mass Transfer Technology for Absorption Heat Pumps," Proc. Int. Sorption Heat Pump Conf., Munich, Germany, Mar 24-26, pp. 661-670.
- S. Garimella and V. S. Garimella (1999), "Commercial Boiler Waste Heat Utilization for Air-conditioning in Developing Countries," Proc. Renewable and Advanced Energy Systems for the 21st Century Conf., Lahaina, HI, Apr 11-15, RAES99-7606.
- S. Garimella (1997), "Absorption Heat Pump Performance Improvement Through Ground Coupling," Proc. ASME Advanced Energy Systems Div., AES-Vol. 37, pp. 327-335.
- S. Garimella, J. W. Coleman, and A. Wicht (1996), "Novel Geometries for Hydronic-Air Heat Exchangers in Residential Space-conditioning Applications," Proc. ASME Advanced Energy Systems Div., AES-Vol. 36, pp. 381-394.
- S. Garimella and A. Wicht (1995), "Air-Cooled Condensation of Ammonia in Flat-Tube, Multi-Louver Fin Heat Exchangers," Adv. Enhanced Heat/Mass Transfer and Energy Efficiency, ASME HTD-Vol. 320, PID-Vol. 1, pp. 47-58.
- S. Garimella, D. Lacy, and R. E. Stout (1994), "Investigation of a Triple-Effect Cycle Absorption Heat Pump for Light Commercial Applications," Heat Pump and Refrigeration Systems Design, Analysis, and Applications, ASME AES-Vol. 32, pp. 23-32.
- S. Garimella, R. N. Christensen, and D. Lacy (1994), "Performance Evaluation of a Generator Absorber Heat Exchange Heat Pump," Heat Pump and Refrigeration Systems Design, Analysis, and Applications, ASME AES-Vol. 32, pp. 11-22.
- S. Garimella and R. N. Christensen (1994), "Performance Evaluation of Spirally Fluted Annuli: Geometry and Flow Regime Effects," Optimal Design of Thermal Systems and Components, ASME HTD-Vol. 279, pp. 79-89.
- S. Garimella, and R. N. Christensen (1994), "Gas-Fired Absorption Systems for Space Conditioning in Recreational Vehicles," Proc. Int. Absorption Heat Pump Conf., New Orleans, LA, ASME AES-Vol. 31, pp. 287-294.
- K. McGahey, S. Garimella, F. B. Cook, and R. N. Christensen (1994), "Enhancement of the ORNL Absorption Model and Simulation of a Double-Effect Absorption Heat Pump," Proc. Int. Absorption Heat Pump Conf., New Orleans, LA, ASME AES-Vol. 31, pp.141-148.
- S. Garimella, and R. N. Christensen (1993), "Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer Characteristics of Annuli with Spirally Fluted Inner Tubes," ASME Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 93-WA/HT-34.
- S. Garimella, R. N. Christensen, and S. E. Petty (1992), "Cycle Description and Performance Simulation of a Gas-Fired Hydronically Coupled Double-Effect Absorption Heat Pump System," Recent Research In Heat Pump Design, Analysis, and Application, ASME AES-Vol. 28, pp. 7-14.
- S. Garimella and R. N. Christensen (1992), "Experimental Investigation of Pressure Drop Characteristics of Annuli with Spirally Fluted Inner Tubes," Enhanced Heat Transfer, ASME HTD-Vol. 202, pp. 107-116.
- S. Garimella, M. E. Boos, and R. N. Christensen (1989), "An Experimental Investigation of Pressure Drop Characteristics of Enhanced-Surface Tubes in Confined Crossflow," Heat Transfer Equipment Fundamentals, Design, Applications and Operating Problems, ASME HTD-Vol. 108, pp. 169-176.
- R. N. Christensen, C. Zhang, and S. Garimella (1989), "Simultaneous Thermodynamic and Thermophysical Analysis of an Ammonia/Water Evaporator-Dryer System with Experimental Validation," Heat Transfer Equipment Fundamentals, Design, Applications and Operating Problems, ASME HTD-Vol. 108, pp. 177-185.
- S. Garimella, R. N. Christensen, and D. E. Richards (1984), "Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer in Curved Annular Ducts," ASME Winter Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, 84-WA/HT-28.

Patents

- S. Garimella, J. C. Delahanty and A. K. Nagavarapu, "Vapor-Liquid Heat and/or Mass Exchange Device" Patent GTRC ID 5358, filed Aug 10, 2011.
- S. Garimella and M. D. Determan, "Microscale Heat or Heat and Mass Transfer System," PCT Patent Application Serial No. PCT/US09/52362, Filed July 31, 2009.
- S. Garimella, T. M. Bandhauer, and T. Fuller, "Battery Thermal Management System Using in-situ Microchannel Phase Change," Invention Disclosure 4391, USPTO serial number 61/038,600, filed March 21, 2008.
- S. Garimella, Method and Means for Miniaturization of Binary-Fluid Heat and Mass Exchangers (Continuation-in-Part), Patent Number 7,066,241, issued June 27, 2006.
- S. Garimella, Method and Means for Miniaturization of Binary-Fluid Heat and Mass Exchangers, Patent Number 6,802,364, issued October 12, 2004.
- R. N. Christensen, S. Garimella, Y. T. Kang, and M. A. Garrabrant, Perforated-Fin Heat and Mass Transfer Device, Patent Number 5,704,417, issued January 6, 1998.
- R. N. Christensen and S. Garimella, Heat Pump, Patent Number 5,572,884, issued November 12, 1996.
- S. Garimella, Hydronically Coupled Integrated Heat Pump and Supplemental Heat Recovery System for Mobile Applications, Patent Number 5,289,698, issued March 1, 1994.